Conditions Commonly Associated with Sleep Apnea

By on 6-11-2017 in Health, Medical Condition

Sleeping is one of the most important activities for a person’s health. Firstly, it rests the body and mind from the stresses of day to day life. Secondly, it repairs the damages the body and mind have sustained throughout the day.

Failing to get enough sleep can be a choice, like when a person has work to do and has prioritized this work over sleep, or when a person has been too engaged in recreational activities, such as surfing the internet or playing video games, that he or she has been willing to sacrifice sleep for them. Failing to get enough sleep can also be a result of a sleeping disorder, like sleep apnea.

A person has sleep apnea if he or she experiences breathing problems during sleep, such as excessive pauses. According to the website of Silent Night Therapy, symptoms of sleep apnea include the following:

  • Dry mouth
  • Snoring frequently and loudly
  • Waking up in the middle of the night gasping for air
  • Unrefreshing sleep

Sleep apnea can have negative consequences on the body, such as those listed below.

Sleep Deprivation and Its Effects

Those with sleep apnea often wake up in the middle of the night to catch their breaths. This means that they do not get full restorative sleep, so their body and mind are not conditioned for the next day. The person may experience fatigue, increased irritability, and mental lapses, including lack of alertness, difficulty in concentrating and memorizing, and slow reaction time.

High Blood Pressure and Cardiovascular Problems

Breathing is one of the body’s main sources of oxygen, so it can easily be deduced that breathing problems can lead to oxygen problems in the body, and this can result into high blood pressure. This increase in blood pressure may have a negative effect in the heart, and it can result into heart attacks, irregular heartbeats, and worst of all, stroke or sudden death.

Increased Glucose Levels and Diabetes

Breathing problems put stress into the body, so the body may have the tendency to release stress hormones that can potentially increase glucose levels in the blood. This means that those with sleep apnea are more likely to develop complications associated with blood glucose, such as diabetes.

Nursing Home Negligence

By on 3-24-2017 in Nursing Home Negligence

Nursing Home Negligence

The decision of putting a loved one in a nursing home can be emotional, but most of the time it is a necessary decision because it is for the betterment of your loved one. But before making a move, it is important to observe the nursing home to determine if it has the proper facilities for your loved one’s needs and the competent medical staff that treats their patients with dignity.

There is such a thing as nursing home negligence, and this can be associated with the facilities and the staff of the nursing home. This can create health problems to your loved one, and if he or she already has a medical condition, the condition may even worsen.


Does the nursing home have enough rooms, beds, and equipment to accommodate your loved one? There are instances where nursing homes are overloaded, putting their patients on environments that can be detrimental to their health.

You should also observe the cleanliness of the area and the medical staff’s equipment. Elders are very vulnerable to diseases that may arise from dirty surroundings and materials.

Another overlooked factor is the management of the nursing home. Does it employ very few nursing home staff? Because if it does, your loved one may experience neglect, as the limited workforce try to assist a high number of patients.


The right number of nursing home staff is not enough criteria to determine competence. You should also look at their individual performance. Do they give adequate nutrition to your loved one? Do they give the right amount of fluids? Do they give your loved one the proper medication? Malnutrition, dehydration, and medication errors are enough reasons for alarm.

You should also look out for signs of abuse to your loved one, such as unexplained wounds and sudden changes in attitude.

As the reasonable adult, you should be sure that you are putting your loved one in a dedicated nursing home. After all, most elders cannot defend themselves from abusive behavior and negligence. According to the website of the Benton Law Firm, those who have been injured because of medical malpractice cases such as nursing home negligence may have legal actions that they can pursue. It is a relief to know that the law and its practitioners are on the side of the abused and neglected elders.

Common Causes of Rollover Accidents

By on 12-29-2016 in Car Accidents

Rollover crashes are fairly common traffic accidents, and what makes them really dangerous is their violent nature. Rollover accidents can result into serious injury, and at worst, even death. To prevent this kind of accidents, it is best to know first what its leading causes are.

Alcohol or drug impairment

Being under the influence of alcohol or drugs has several effects in our bodies. Aside from the physical impairments like comprehension, coordination, and vision issues, it can also cause drivers to do reckless acts like speeding.

Reckless driving and impairment is probably the worst combination in the road. Add a little physics in the mix and we might be looking at a rollover accident in the making.

Driver error

Just because a driver is not under the influence it already means that he is free from error. Rollover accidents can still occur despite the driver’s accordance to traffic rules and regulations. Drivers who fail to negotiate curves, in particular, are often victims of rollovers. They jump to curbs or go through embankments. Those who also over-correct their vehicles often lose control and cause them to veer off roads and rollover.

Driver negligence

Negligent acts like distracted driving, lack of attention, and speeding can also cause rollover accidents. There are also known cases of drivers falling asleep, causing their fast vehicles to crash or rollover.

Negligence is much worse when a passenger or another innocent party has been injured or killed. After all, they are not at fault, and only became involved because of the negligence of one person. According to the website of a Tucson car accident lawyer, auto accidents caused by someone else can be subject to lawsuits.


A factor in car accidents that is often overlooked is the location. Does the road lack traffic signs and warnings that inform the driver of sharp curves, obstacles, or any other dangerous obstructions? Is the road itself not properly maintained, making it less effective and more prone to accidents? Rollover accidents are fairly common on roads without any form of barriers that can prevent vehicles from crashing through embankments, canals, and rivers.

The geographical features of the area should also be considered, especially the areas in high altitudes and have sharp curves. These areas are more prone to rollovers.

Vehicle Type

All vehicles are prone to rollovers, but there are certain vehicles that are more prone than others. Such vehicles involve sports utility vehicles, pickup trucks, and passenger vans. Their long and narrow designs make them susceptible to rollovers.

Look into news reports, and you can easily discern for yourself that these vehicles are the more common victims of rollover crashes.

How Premise Liability Cases Work

By on 7-12-2016 in Uncategorized

A premise liability claim is filed by an individual who was injured due to dangerous conditions which should have not been there in the first place. In cases like these, the property owner should be deemed liable for the accident. According to the website of Karlin, Fleisher & Falkenberg, property owners have the legal obligation to reasonably maintain the safety of their promises.

Proving Liability

In a premise liability case, negligence on the part of the owner is the main contention of the claim. If the landlord removed the dangerous situation, the injury would not have happened. To be successful in a premise liability case, four elements need to be present:

Defendant Owned, Occupied, or Leased The Property

The first thing that you must prove in premise liability is that the defendant owned, occupied, or leased the property. As such, they had the duty to conduct an inspection of the property and ensure its safety for occupants.

Defendant Showed Negligence In The Use of the Property

Another element of a premise liability claim that needs to be proven is negligence on the part of the property owner. The plaintiff must prove that the defendant failed in their exercise of duty of care as required by the situation.

Traditionally, the liability of the defendant depended on the status of the person entering the premises. Nowadays, however, the principle of ordinary negligence is being used to prove fault. With the new approach, the defendant’s duty of care extends to informing visitors of any potential danger they might not be aware of which is impossible for you to reasonably discover on your own.

You Were Injured

The next element in a premise liability claim is to prove that the negligence caused injury to you. Your testimony as well as that of doctors who treated you can back up your claim. The doctor can prove how your injuries and current medical care will impact different aspects of your life.

The Defendant’s Negligence Was a Substantial Factor in Causing Your Injury

The last element you must prove is that the negligence of the property owner played a huge factor in causing your injuries. It should be reasonably foreseeable in light of the defendant’s action or inaction. The negligence of the defendant need not be the main cause of injury but should have a material contribution to your injury.

Distracted Driving

By on 3-19-2016 in Motor Vehicle Accidents

Vehicular accidents involving teenagers have more or less been declining in New York and in the whole of United States in recent months; however, teenagers are still the majority of the age group involved in such crashes with 8% to 10% of teenage drivers in New York figuring in vehicular accidents as compared with 4% of the other drivers not included in the same age group. Also, distracted driving is the main reason why teens get into such accidents.

A state fact sheet from the Institute of Traffic Safety Management and Research showed that motor vehicular accidents that involved drivers between the ages of 16 and 20 have declined by 8% in 2014 from 2012’s records, while the number of vehicular fatalities involving the same age group lessened by 25% during the same period.

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, for its part, said that nationwide traffic fatalities involving teenaged drivers have been reduced in half over the most recent 10-year recording figure, with 4,333 in 2013 from 8,782 in 2004.

Also, even though New York is the fourth most populous state in America, it had only eight vehicular fatalities that involved drivers between the ages of 15 and 20 in 2013.

St. Lawrence County Clerk Mary Lou Rupp said stricter laws such as changing the former requirement of passing 20 hours of supervised driving before being able to get a license to 50 hours, among others, have contributed to lessening the number of vehicular accidents that involved teens.

According to New York State Police Troop B spokesman Kyle Otis, today’s teenagers sometimes get preoccupied while driving with gadgets that are most prevalent to today’s generation, such as smartphones and iPods. He has urged teenagers to curb their supposed need to tinker with their gadgets, or even answer text messages until after they have parked their vehicles.

The website of Schuler, Halvorson, Weisser, Zoeller, & Overbeck, P.A. say that Florida has 275 traffic fatalities involving teenagers recorded in 2013.

The truth about bladder cancer

By on 10-23-2015 in Uncategorized

Our bladder is a muscular, spherical organ located just above and behind the pubic bone that catches and stores urine from the two kidneys. When full, it also acts as a sensor that tells the body to urinate. This organ also has two valves that control urine as it exits the body. When cells in this organ multiply abnormally, bladder cancer occurs.
Most types of bladder cancer occur along the inside lining of the bladder. Some studies suggest cancer formation is a result of higher concentration of toxic substances in the urine. There are many possible causes of bladder cancer. According to, certain medications such as anti-diabetes drug Actos could be among the many possible causes of this disease. Apart from drugs, smoking is considered among the most common risk factors. Other factors include a family history of bladder cancer, obesity, too much alcohol consumption, older age, and exposure to certain chemicals at work.

Bladder cancer is almost always detectable during its early stages. Early signs and symptoms of bladder cancer may include:

  • Hematuria, or blood in urine. This is the primary symptom for bladder cancer. Urine usually appears black, or normal but with streaks of blood when seen under a microscope
  • Pelvic and back pain
  • Frequent and painful urination

If you think that you are at increased risk of this disease and you are experiencing one or more symptoms above, do not delay visiting your physician! A quick and accurate diagnosis today could save you from the complications of this disease in the future. Biopsy (obtaining a sample of your bladder tissue), cystoscopy (insertion of a fiber-optic tube to see the inside of your bladder), and imaging tests are just some of the many procedures in diagnosing the disease.
In most cases, bladder cancer recurs. So, bladder cancer survivors are encouraged to create a personalized plan for follow-up tests to determine if bladder cancer recurs and to know the ways on how to prevent recurrence.

The History of Zofran

By on 6-07-2015 in Dangerous Medicine

Zofran, or ondansetron as it is sometimes known, was initially created in the 1980s in England. It is a serotonin 5-HT3 receptor antagonist used to prevent nausea, which essentially means that it blocks the chemicals that are responsible for nausea and vomiting. The FDA didn’t approve Zofran for use in the US until early 1991. It was only approved for the use by cancer patients undergoing therapy and patients that are recovering from surgery.

Zofran worked extremely well for cancer patients and those recovering from surgery. It quickly became popular with doctors and at one point was ranked as the 20th highest selling brand name drug in the US. As its popularity grew, doctors began prescribing it off-label to expectant mothers with violent morning sickness that was not responding to other treatments. When a doctor prescribes an off-label drug, the doctor is giving it for a reason that it has not yet been approved for. Zofran had not been approved for use by expectant mothers.

While it had not been approved, in the past there had been testing in animals, mostly rabbits and rats, to see if its use affected unborn babies. These test showed no negative effects on the babies born. However, studies done with humans have been inconclusive. Some show no negative effects while others show a minor to significant increase in certain birth defects. The defects vary but most commonly are the development of a cleft lip, cleft palate, or heart defects.

The makers of Zofran never petitioned for the approval of the drug for expectant mothers. In fact, they have since issued a warning against its use by expectant mothers and the makers of Zofran have had to pay $2 billion dollars in penalty for marketing the drug as safe for expectant mothers without approval. Lawyers are beginning to collect cases of fetal birth defects caused by the drug, and if even one Zofran lawyer begins winning cases the popularity of the drug will begin to decline.